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Here are a few birds you may see in Michigan. There are too many birds to list, but if you have one you would like to see added, please contact us with the name, and we will try to add it as soon as possible. I do not know much about birds so I probably cannot answer your questions. All this infomation was found via the internet and several books about MIchigan birds.

American Black Duck
American Black Duck - Anas rubripes. The adult male has a yellow bill, a dark body, lighter head and neck, orange legs and dark eyes. The adult female has a similar appearance. Both sexes have a shiny purple-blue wing patch , which is not bordered with white as with the Mallard . Their breeding habitat is lakes, ponds, rivers, marshes and other aquatic environments in eastern Canada including the Great Lakes. Some people consider that the Black Duck is no more than a dark-feathered race of Mallard, not a separate species at all. They are partially migratory and many winter in the east-central United States, especially coastal areas; some remain year-round in the Great Lakes region.
American Crow
American Crow - Corvus brachyrhynchos are a black bird with black legs and feet, but may look a little purple in sunlight. They are one of the most recognizable birds in Michigan. These birds build bulky stick nests, nearly always in trees but sometimes also in large bushes and, very rarely, on the ground. They will nest in a wide variety of trees, including large conifers, although oaks are most often used. They are one of the smartest birds and can be found in Michigan all year round.
American Robin - Turdus migratorius is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. While Robins occasionally overwinter in the northern part of the United States and southern Canada, most winter in the southern parts of the breeding range and beyond, from the southern U.S.A. to Guatemala. Most depart south by the end of August and begin to return north in February and March. As with many migratory birds, the males return to the summer breeding grounds before the females and compete with each other for nesting sites. The females then select mates based on the males' songs, plumage, and territory quality. The females build the nest and lay three or four blue eggs in the lined cup. Incubation, almost entirely by the female is 11-14 days to hatching. Two broods in a season are common. This is the state bird of Connecticut, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
American Wigeon (male)

American Wigeon (sometimes spelled Widgeon) or Baldpate - Anas americana is a common and duck which breeds in the northernmost areas of North America, in Canada in Alaska, and the Northwest Territories and the Great Lakes. The breeding male has pinkish flanks and breast back, with a black rear end and a brilliant white speculum, obvious in flight or at rest. The females are light brown, with plumage much like a female Mallard. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake looks more like the female. It nests on the ground, near water and under cover. It lays 6-12 creamy white eggs.

Bald Eagle
Bald Eagle - Haliaeetus leucocephalus, also known as the American Eagle, is a bird of prey found in North America, most recognizable as the national bird of the United States. The Bald Eagle's natural range includes most of North America, including most of Canada, all of the continental United States, and northern Mexico. An immature bird has speckled brown feathers all over, the distinctive head and body plumage arriving 2-3 years later, before sexual maturity; it is distinguishable from a Golden Eagle in that the latter has feathers which extend down the leg. Their life span is approximately 50 years. Bald Eagles build huge nest platforms out of branches, usually in large trees. Pairs, who mate for life, add material to the nest each breeding season. After several years, the nest may weigh upwards of one thousand pounds. Bald Eagles that are old enough to breed often return to the area where they were raised. They are long-lived, with reports of birds in captivity living to be 60 years old.
Baltimore Oriole
Baltimore Oriole - Icterus galbula, is a small icterid blackbird, 18 cm long and weighing 34 g. Adults have a pointed bill and white bars on the wings. The adult male is orange on the underparts, shoulder patch and rump with black everywhere else. The adult female is yellow-brown on the upper parts with darker wings, dull orange on the breast and belly. These birds forage in trees and shrubs, also making short flights to catch insects. They mainly eat insects, berries and nectar, and are often seen sipping at hummingbird feeders. The birds are also fond of halved oranges, grape jelly or sugar water. This is another bird you will find only in the summer months in Michigan.
Barn Owl
Barn Owl - Tyto alba are pale, long-winged, long-legged owls, 33-39 cm in length with an 80-95 cm wingspan. They have an effortless wavering flight as they quarter pastures or similar hunting grounds. Barn Owls occur all over the world, on every continent except Antarctica. Sometimes they are called monkey-faced owls because of their appearance. Other common names are church owl, golden owl, rat owl, and stone owl. Barn Owls have a notable shreee scream, ear-shattering at close range. They also hiss like steam kettles. When captured or cornered, they throw themselves on their backs and flail with sharp-taloned feet, an effective defence. Contrary to popular belief, they do not make the call "tu-whit to-whoo".
Barred Owl
Barred Owl - Strix varia, is a large owl. It goes by many other names, including eight hooter, rain owl, wood owl, and striped owl, but is probably known best as the hoot owl. Its breeding habitat is dense woods across Canada, the eastern United States and south to Central America. The Barred Owl's nest is often in a tree cavity; it may also take over an old nesting site used by a crow or squirrel. It is a permanent resident, but may wander after the nesting season. The adult is 44 cm long with a 112 cm wingspan. It has a pale face with dark rings around the eyes, a yellow bill and dark eyes. The underparts are light with brown streaks; the upper parts are mottled brown. There are brown bars on the chest. The legs and feet are covered in feathers up to the talons. You can see this owl all year long in the state of Michigan.
Black-Capped Chickadee
Black-Capped Chickadee - Parus atricapillus or Poecile atricapillus, is a small songbird. Adults have a black cap and bib with white sides to the face. Their underparts are white with rusty brown on the flanks; their back is grey. They have a short dark bill, short wings and a long tail. These birds hop along tree branches searching for food, sometimes hanging upside down or hovering; they may make short flights to catch insects in the air. Insects form a large part of their diet, especially in summer; seeds and berries become important in winter. They sometimes hammer seeds on a tree or shrub to open them; they also will store seeds for later use. This is a common backyard bird that can be attracted with a nest box. They can easily be tamed and hand fed. You can find this bird all year in our state of Michigan.
Blue Jay
Blue Jay - Cyanocitta cristata is a North American jay, has predominantly lavender-blue to mid-blue feathering from the top of the head to half-way down the back. There is a pronounced crest on the head. The color changes to black, sky-blue and white barring on the wing primaries and the tail. The bird has an off-white underside, with a black collar around the neck and sides of the head and a white face. Its aggressive behavior at feeding stations as well as its reputation for occasionally destroying the nests and eggs of other birds has made the Blue Jay unwelcome at some bird feeders. Although this bird is generally found year round in Michigan, some northern birds do move into the southern parts of the state.
Broad-winged Hawk - Buteo platypterus , is a small hawk 43 cm long and weighing 450 g. Adults have short broad wings, dark brown upperparts and evenly-spaced black and white bands on the tail. These birds are a long distance migrants, wintering from southern Florida through Central to Peru and northern Brazil. They travel in large flocks during migration. These birds wait on a perch and swoop down on prey, also sometimes flying in search of prey. They mainly eat small mammals, amphibians, reptiles, small birds and large insects. This is a very common hawk in Michigan, generally seen in large groups migrating early fall.
Canadian Goose

Cackling Goose - Branta hutchinsii or Canadian Goose. The black head and neck with white "chinstrap" distinguish this goose from all except the larger Canada Goose and the similarly sized Barnacle Goose. This species is native to North America .The nest is usually located in an elevated area near water. The eggs are laid in a shallow depression lined with plant material and down. Like most geese, it is naturally migratory , the wintering range being most of the U.S.A., and locally in western Canada and northern Mexico. The calls overhead from large groups of Cackling Geese flying in V-shaped formation signal the transitions into spring and fall. In some areas, migration routes have changed due to changes in habitat and food sources.

Aleutian Canadian Goose

Canada Goose - Branta canadensis is commonly, referenced to these birds with the words "Canadian Geese", but the word "Canadian" is incorrect. The proper terms are always "Canada Goose" and "Canada Geese". The black head and neck with white "chinstrap" distinguish this goose from all except the Barnacle Goose, but the latter has a black breast and grey, rather than brownish, body.This well-known species is native to North America . It breeds in Canada and the northern USA in a variety of habitats. However, the nest is usually located in an elevated area near water, sometimes on a beaver lodge. The Great Lakes region maintains a very large population of Canada Geese.
Chipping Sparrow Chipping Sparrow - Spizella passerina , is a small sparrow. Its breeding habitat is wooded areas, suburban parks, and farmland across most of North America. It usually nests in trees, or sometimes on the ground and nests are almost always lined with animal hair. The Chipping Sparrow migrates to the southern United States and south to Mexico in flocks of 20-30 birds. Adults have a rusty head, a dark bill and grey underparts. They have a tan back with dark stripes, brown wings with white bars and a slim tail. Their face is grey with a black line through the eye. You will see this bird only during the summer months in Michigan.
Common Grackle Common Grackle - Quiscalus quiscula , is a large blackbird. The 32 cm long adults have a long dark bill, a pale yellowish eye and a long tail; their feathers are an iridescent black. Adult females are slightly smaller and less shinney. This bird's song is particularly harsh, especially when a flock of these birds are calling. The range of this bird expanded west as forests were cleared. In some areas, they are now considered a pest by farmers because of their large numbers and fondness for grain. This bird can be found in Michigan in the summertime only.
Common Loon
Common Loon - Gavia immer also known as the Great Northern Diver. Adults are typically 28-36 inches in length with a 122-148 cm wingspan. They weigh between 2.7 and 6.3 kg with a mean value around 4.1 kg. The tremolo call, sometimes referred to as "loon laughter", is an eerie wailing, a symbol of the Canadian wilderness, and often used as atmosphere in horror films. This species is a specialist fish eater, catching its prey underwater, diving as deep as 200 feet. Freshwater diets consist of pike, perch, sunfish, trout and bass. You will find this bird in the upper part of Michigan along with the Upper Peninsula in the summertime, in the lower half, you will see it during migration.
Cooper's Hawk
Cooper's Hawk - Accipiter cooperii is a medium-sized hawk. Adults have short broad wings and a long round-ended tail with dark bands. They have a dark cap, blue-grey upperparts and white underparts with red bars. They have red eyes and yellow legs. Adult females are much larger. This bird is somewhat larger than a Sharp-shinned Hawk. These birds surprise and capture small and medium-sized birds from cover or while flying quickly through dense vegetation. They also eat small mammals such as mice and other small rodents. Other possibilities are lizards, frogs, snakes and large insects. They often pluck the feathers off their prey. You will mostly see this hawk in the summertime in Michigan, but in some area's you can find it all year.
Dark_Eyed Junco Dark-Eyed Junco - Junco hyemalis , is the best-known species of junco, a genus of small American sparrows. Adults are generally grey on top with a white belly. The white outer tail feathers flash distinctively in flight. The bill is usually pinkish. The males tend to have darker, more conspicuous markings than the female. Juveniles often have pale streaks and may even be mistaken for a Vesper Sparrow until they acquire adult plumage at 2 to 3 months. These birds forage on the ground. In winter, they often forage in flocks that may comprise several races. They mainly eat insects and seeds.However the bird will sometimes eat its own droppings and drop mire, and eat more etc. This is one of southern Michigan's most common winter birds, usually seen on the ground in small flocks. In the northern most part of Michigan, you will find it in the summer months only, but in the rest of the state, throughout the year.
Double-crested Cormorant
Double-crested Cormorant - Phalacrocorax auritus is a North American member of the cormorant family of seabirds. Food can be found in the sea, freshwater lakes, and rivers. Like all cormorants, the Double-crested dives to find its prey. It mainly eats fish, but will sometimes also eat amphibians and crustaceans. After catching a fish, the cormorant surfaces, flips the fish in the air and swallows it head-first. The Double-crested Cormorant swims low in the water, often with just its neck and head visible, and dives from the surface. It uses its feet for propulsion and is able to dive to a depth of 5-25 feet for 30-70 seconds. After diving, it spends long periods standing with its wings outstretched to allow them to dry, since they are not fully waterproofed. This species flies low over the water, with its bill tilted slightly upward, sometimes leaving the colony in long, single-file lines. This bird migrates through Michigan and can be found in the Upper Peninsula in the summertime.
Downy Woodpecker
Downy Woodpecker - Picoides pubescens , is the smallest woodpecker in North America. Adults are mainly black on the upper parts and wings, with a white back, throat and belly and white spotting on the wings. There is a white bar above and below the eye. They have a black tail with white outer feathers barred with black. Adult males have a red patch on the back of the head. It is similar in appearance to the much larger Hairy Woodpecker. Their breeding habitat is forested areas, mainly deciduous, across most of North America to Central America. They nest in a tree cavity, excavated by the nesting pair in a dead tree or limb. These birds are mostly permanent residents. Northern birds may migrate further south; birds in mountainous areas may move to lower elevations.
Eastern Screech Owl Red color
Eastern Screech-Owl - Otus asio is a small owl. Adults have either rusty or dark grey intricately patterned plumage with streaking on the underparts. Small and stocky, short-tailed and broad winged, they have a large round head with ear tufts, yellow eyes and a yellowish bill. Rusty birds are more common in the southern parts of the range; pairings of the two colour variants do occur. These birds wait on a perch on low limbs in open woods and along forest edges and swoop down on prey; they may also catch insects in flight. They mainly eat large insects and small rodents, as well as small birds. They are active at night or near dusk, using their excellent hearing and night vision to locate prey. This owl can be found in the lower peninsula all year.
Great Blue Heron
Great Blue Heron - Ardea herodias breeds in colonies in trees close to lakes or other wetlands, often with other species of herons. It builds a bulky stick nest. The female lays 3 to 5 pale blue eggs. Both parents feed the young at the nest by regurgitating food. The Great Blue stands four feet tall, has a seven-foot wingspan and weighs 2.5 kg. It has a long yellow bill. Adults have blue-grey wings and back and a white head with a black cap and a long black plume. In flight, the long neck is held in an S-shape with the long legs trailing behind. This bird flies with strong deliberate wing beats. It often barks like a dog. You will see this bird only in the summer months in Michigan.
House Finch
House Finch - Carpodacus mexicanus is a medium-sized finch. Adults have a long brown tail and are a brown or dull-brown color across the back with some shading into deep grey on the wing feathers. Breast and belly feathers may be streaked. In most cases, adult males have a reddish color to their heads, necks and shoulders. This color sometimes extends to the stomach and down the back, between the wings. The male coloration varies in intensity with the seasons and is derived from the berries and fruits in its diet. As a result, the colors range from pale, straw yellow, to bright orange, to deep, intense red. Adult females have brown upperparts and streaked underparts. House Finches forage on the ground or in vegetation. They primarily eat grains, seeds and berries. Nests are made in cavities, including openings in buildings, and also on various kinds of vegetation, sometimes nests abandoned by other birds will be used. Nests may be re-used for subsequent broods or in following years. The nest is built by the female, sometimes in as little as two days. You can find this bird all year round in the Lower Peninsula.
Great Horned Owl
Great Horned Owl - Bubo virginianus, is a very large owl. Adults have large ear tufts, a reddish face, a white patch on the throat and yellow eyes. The ear tufts are not actually ears, but just tufts of feathers. The underparts are light with brown barring; the upper parts are mottled brown. The legs and feet are covered in feathers up to the talons. There are individual and regional variations in color; birds farther north are paler. These birds hunt at night by waiting on a high perch and swooping down on prey. They mainly eat mammals such as rats, mice, rabbits and skunks, as well as small birds, including smaller owls. In fact, this is a fearless owl, one of the few that will kill skunks and porcupines. In northern regions, they may let uneaten food freeze and then thaw it out later using their own body heat. This owl has excellent hearing, able to hear a mouse moving under a foot of snow. This owl is also unable to turn its head all the way around. You can find the Great Horned Owl all year round in the state of Michigan.
House Sparrow
House Sparrow - Passer domesticus were introduced independently in a number of American cities in the years between 1850 and 1875 as a means of pest control. The male House Sparrow has a grey crown, cheeks and underparts, black on the throat, upper breast and between the bill and eyes. The bill in summer is blue-black, and the legs are brown. In winter the feathers are dulled by pale edgings, and the bill is yellowish brown. These birds are not really sparrows, but finches. This is an agressive bird that will kill the young of other birds in order to take over. You can find this bird all year round in all areas of Michigan.
Kirklands Warbler - Dendroica kirtlandii , is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. These birds have bluish-grey upperparts with dark streaks on the back and yellow underparts with streaked flanks. They have thin wing bars, dark legs and a broken white eye ring. Females and immatures are more brownish on the back. Their breeding habitat is young Jack pine woods in a very limited area in the north of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan; they have also been seen in Ontario and Wisconsin but do not breed there regularly. The nest is an open cup on sandy soil near a pine tree. These birds migrate to winter in pine forests in the Bahamas. This bird was named after Jared P. Kirtland, an Ohio doctor and amateur naturalist.

Mallard Female


Mallard Male

Mallard - Anas platyrhynchos ; Greek for "flat billed duck", also known in North America as the Wild Duck, which breeds throughout the temperate and sub-tropical areas of North America, Europe and Asia . It also frequents Central America and the Caribbean . It is probably the best-known of all ducks. The breeding male is unmistakable, with a green head, black rear end and a blue speculum edged with white, obvious in flight or at rest. Males also possess a yellow bill with a black tip, whereas females have a dark brown bill. The female Mallard is light brown, with plumage much like most female dabbling ducks. It can be distinguished from other ducks, by the distinctive speculum. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake looks more like the female. It is a bird of most wetlands , including parks , small ponds and rivers, and usually feeds by dabbling for plant food or grazing. It nests usually on a river bank, but not always particularly near water.
Mourning Dove
Mourning Dove - Zenaida macroura is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes doves and pigeons. The Mourning Dove is approximately 12 in in length. It has a long tapered tail, and is greyish-brown above and pinkish below. The wings have black spotting, and the outer tail feathers are white. The male has bright purple-pink patches on the neck sides; these are less obvious in the female. Young birds have a scaly appearance. Mourning doves are one of the few types of birds that mate for life. Often, when one is seen perching alone it is because its mate has died or been shot by hunters. This fact, as well as its mournful coo, are the reasons for the dove's name.
Northern Cardinal
Northern Cardinal - Cardinalis cardinalis is a member of the cardinal family of birds in North America. The bird's name comes from the red-robed Roman Catholic Cardinals. Its crested head is also said to resemble a bishop's mitre. Cardinals have been also referred to as redbirds and Virginia nightingales. Cardinals were once popular cage birds for their bright color and rich, varied songs. Males are bright, deep red with black faces and coral/red beaks. Females are a fawn/light brown color, with mostly grayish-brown tones & slight reddish tint in their wings and tail feathers, also with a bright coral/red beak. Both possess prominent raised crests and strong beaks. Young birds are the color of a mother bird until the fall, when they will molt and grow their adult feathers. These birds are permanent residents throughout their range, although they may relocate to avoid extreme weather or if food is scarce. These birds live year round in the Lower Peninsula.
Osprey - Pandion haliaetus is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution. It is often known by other colloquial names such as fishhawk, seahawk or Fish Eagle. The Osprey is 20.5-23.6 inches long with a 5-5.5 feet wingspan. It has white underparts and long, narrow wings with four "finger" feathers at the end of each, which give it a very distinctive appearance. The Osprey is particularly well adapted to its diet, with reversible outer toes, closable nostrils to keep out water during dives, and backwards facing scales on the talons which act as barbs to help catch fish. It locates its prey from the air, often hovering prior to plunging feet-first into the water to seize a fish. As it rises back into flight the fish is turned head forward to reduce drag. The 'barbed' talons are such effective tools for grasping fish that, on occasion, an Osprey may be unable to release a fish that is heavier than expected. This can cause the Osprey to be pulled into the water, where it may either swim to safety or succumb to hypothermia and drown. You will mainly see this bird in migration, but may see it also during the summer months.
Pileated Woodpecker
Pileated Woodpecker - Dryocopus pileatus are mainly black with a red crest and a white line down the sides of the throat. Adult males have a red line from the bill to the throat and red on the front of the crown. In adult females, these are black. It is the largest woodpecker in Michigan. They show white on the wings in flight. These birds chip out holes, often quite large and roughly rectangular, while searching out insects in trees. They mainly eat insects, fruits, berries and nuts. You can find this bird year round in the western and Upper Peninsula portion of Michigan.
Pine Siskin

Pine Siskin - Carduelis pinus, is a small finch. Adults are brown on the upperparts and pale on the underparts, with heavy streaking throughout. They have a short forked tail. They have yellow patches in their wings and tail, not always visible. Their bill is thin. This bird is considered to be a winter finch, but you can find it throughout most of Michigan all year round.

Purple Finch
Purple Finch - Carpodacus purpureus, is a small finch. Adults have a short forked brown tail and brown wings. Adult males are raspberry red on the head, breast, back and rump; their back is streaked. Adult females have light brown upperparts and white underparts with dark brown streaks throughout; they have a white line on the face above the eye. These birds forage in trees and bushes, sometimes in ground vegetation. They mainly eat seeds, berries and insects. They are fond of sunflower seeds, millet, and thistle. They are a summer resident of Northern Michigan but mostly seen during spring and fall migration.
Red-Breasted Nuthatch
Red-Breasted Nuthatch - Sitta canadensis, is a small songbird. Adults have blue-grey upperparts with reddish underparts; they have a white face with a black stripe through the eyes, a white throat, a straight grey bill and a black crown. These birds are often permanent residents, but they regularly migrate into the southern United States if the food supply fails. They forage on the trunk and large branches of trees, often descending head first, sometimes catching insects in flight. They mainly eat insects and seeds, especially from conifers. The name nuthatch comes from old English 'nuthack' referring to the bird's habit of wedging a seed into a crevice and hacking it open. You can find this bird the lower half of Michigan during the winter months, and the northern half of Michigan all year round.
Red-headed Woodpecker
Red-headed Woodpecker - Melanerpes erythrocephalus , is a small or medium-sized woodpecker. Adults have a black back and tail with a red head and neck. Their underparts are mainly white. The wings are black with white secondaries. Non- birders often mistakenly identify the Red-bellied Woodpecker as this species. Their breeding habitat is open country across southern Canada and the eastern - central United States. They nest in a cavity in a dead tree or a dead part of a tree.
Red winged blackbird
Red-winged Blackbird - Agelaius phoeniceus, the name for this species is taken from the mainly black adult male's distinctive red shoulder patches, which are visible when the bird is flying or displaying. At rest, the male also shows a pale yellow wingbar. The female is blackish-brown and paler below. The female is considerably smaller than the male, at 7 inches length and 36 g weight, against his 8.5 inches and 64 g. Young birds resemble the female, but are lighter below and have buff feather fringes. When migrating north, these birds travel in single-sex flocks, and the males usually arrive a few days before the females. Once they have reached the location where they plan to breed, the males stake out territories by singing. They defend their territory aggressively, both against other male Red-winged Blackbirds and against birds. You only see this bird in Michigan in the summertime.
Ringed Necked Pheasant
Ringed-necked Pheasant - The adult pheasant is 50-90 cm in length with a long tail, often accounting for half the total length. The male has barred bright brown plumage and green, purple and white markings, often including a white ring around the neck, and the head is green with distinctive red patches. This bird is also called the Common or English Pheasant, or just Pheasant. The males are polygamous, mating with more than one female; they are often accompanied by a harem of several females. The female is much less showy, with a duller mottled brown plumage all over, similar to that of the partridge . The birds are found on wooded land and scrub. They feed on the ground on grain, leaves and invertebrates, but roost in trees at night. They nest on the ground, producing a clutch of around ten eggs over a two-three week period in April to June. The incubation period is about 23-26 days. Pheasants have probably been present in North America from the 18th century but became common in the wild in the late 1800s . A preferred nesting site for them is along fence rows, wheat, and under old machinery. They were brought to the U.S. in the early 1920's.

Rock Dove


Rock Doves

Rock Dove (Rock Pigeon) - Columba livia, is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. The bird is also known by the names of feral pigeon or domestic pigeon. In common usage, this bird is often simply referred to as the "pigeon". The Rock Pigeon is 30-35 cm long with a 62-68 cm wingspan. The white lower back of the pure Rock Pigeon is its best identification character, but the two black bars on its pale grey wings are also distinctive . The tail is margined with white. It is strong and quick on the wing, dashing out from sea caves, flying low over the water, its white rump showing well from above. The head and neck of the mature bird are a darker blue-grey than the back and wings; the lower back is white. Rock Pigeons have been domesticated for several thousand years, giving rise to the domestic pigeon. Trained domestic pigeons are able to return to the home loft if released at a location that they have never visited before and that may be up to 1000 km away. A special breed, called homing pigeons has been developed through selective breeding to carry messages and members of this variety of pigeon are still being used in pigeon racing. This bird can be found throughout the state of Michigan all year.
Ruby_throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Archilochus colubris , is a small hummingbird. It is 7-9 cm long with an 8-11 cm wingspan, and weighs 2-6 g. Adults are metallic green above and greyish white below. Their bill is long, straight and very slender. The adult male, shown in the photo, has a glossy ruby red throat patch and a dark forked tail. The female has a dark rounded tail with white tips and no throat patch, though she may sometimes show light spotting on her throat. The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is migratory, spending most of the winter in Mexico or Central America. These birds feed on nectar from flowers and flowering trees using a long extendable tongue or catch insects on the wing. Due to their small size, they are vulnerable to insect-eating birds and animals. These birds require frequent feeding while active during the day and sometimes become torpid at night to conserve energy. This is the only hummingbird commonly found in eastern North America. This bird will only be found during the summer months in Michigan.

Ruffed Grouse
Ruffed Grouse - Bonasa umbellus have two distinct color phases, grey and red. In the grey phase, adults have a long square brownish tail with barring and a black band near the end. The head, neck and back are grey-brown; they have a light breast with barring. The ruffs are located on the sides of the neck. These birds also have a "mohawk" on top of their head, which sometimes you can see, but normally the feathers are flat on the Ruffed Grouse's head. The female is smaller with less obvious ruffs and a shorter tail. Their breeding habitat is forests across Canada and the northern United States including Alaska. They nest on the ground in dense growth, usually near a log or tree trunk. They are permanent residents. Some move short distances to denser cover for winter.This is the most wide-spread grouse in North America. The male is often heard drumming on a fallen log in spring on territory. When surprised, they may explode into flight, beating their wings very loudly.
Sharp-Shinned Hawk
Sharp-Shinned Hawk - Accipiter striatus is a small hawk. These birds surprise and capture small birds from cover or while flying quickly through dense vegetation. They often pluck the feathers off their prey on a post or other perch. They also eat rodents, lizards, frogs, snakes, and large insects. These hawks build their nests in trees 10-60 feet from the ground, laying 4-5 bluish spotted eggs, which are incubated by both parents for 35 days. The young leave the nest after 2 months. In the Upper Peninsula, you will find this bird in the summer months only, the Lower Peninsula you will see them all year.
Tufted Titmouse
Tufted Titmouse - Baeolophus bicolor, is a small songbird. These birds have grey upperparts and white underparts with a white face, a grey crest, a dark forehead and a short stout bill; they have rust-coloured flanks. They nest in a hole in a tree, either a natural cavity or sometimes an old woodpecker nest. They line the nest with soft materials, sometimes plucking hair from a live animal such as a dog. Sometimes, a bird born the year before remains to help its parents raise the next year's young. The pair may remain together and defend their territory year-round. These birds are permanent residents and often join small mixed flocks in winter. They forage actively on branches, sometimes on the ground, mainly eating insects, especially caterpillars, but also seeds, nuts and berries. They will store food for later use. The male will feed the female during courtship and nesting. You will not generally find this bird in the Upper Peninsula, but will find it in the lower half all year round.
White-Breasted Nuthatch
White-Breasted Nuthatch - Sitta carolinensis, is a small songbird. The adult birds are about 6 inches long. In the adult male the cap and a band on the upper mantle are black. The rest of the upper parts are a pale blue-gray. The wing coverts and flight feathers are blackish with paler fringes. The tertials are often marked with pale gray and black. There is a slight wing bar in the greater coverts. The face and the underparts are white. The White-breasted Nuthatch is the only North American nuthatch in which the white of the face completely surrounds the eye. The outer tail feathers are black with broad diagonal white bands across the outer three feathers. They have short legs with long claws, short wings and a short tail. The White-Breasted Nuthatch can be found all year in Michigan.
Wild Turkey

Wild Turkey - Meleagris gallopavo is a gamebird, one of the two species of turkey. Adults have a small featherless bluish head, a red throat, long reddish-orange legs and a dark body. The head has fleshy growths called caruncles on them, and there is a flap of flesh on the bill called a dewlap that can contract or expand as it is engourged with blood. Males have red waddles on the throat and neck. Each foot has four toes on it, and the males have spurs on the backs of their lower legs. Turkeys have a long dark fan-shaped tail, and their wings are a glossy bronze. Males feathers are also iridescent red, green, copper, bronze and gold. Females feathers are a duller brown and gray color. Turkeys have between 5,000-6,000 feathers. All adults have tail feathers that are the same length, whereas the juveniles do not. The males typically have a "beard" made of modified feathers sticking out from the middle of their breast. The beard averages 9 inches long. In some populations, 10-20% of the female turkeys may also have a beard, but it is usually shorter and thinner than the males.

Wood Ducks


Male Wood Duck

Wood Duck - Aix sponsa is a medium-sized perching duck. An adult is about three-quarters of the length of an adult Mallard. The adult male has distinctive multi-coloured iridescent plumage and red eyes. The female, less colourful, has a white eye-ring and a whitish throat. Both adults have crested heads. When swimming, wood ducks bob their head back and forth in a jerking motion, which makes them easy to spot. Their breeding habitat is wooded swamps, shallow lakes, marshes or ponds in eastern North America and the west coast of the United States. They usually nest in cavities in trees close to water, although they will take advantage of nesting boxes in wetland locations if available. Their personality is however somewhat shy and skittish. You will see this duck through the summer months in Michigan.








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