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Atlantic Salmon - Salmo salar, from the Latin words "Salmo " meaning salmon, and "salar " meaning " leaper " is a fish found in the northern Atlantic Ocean and in rivers that flow into the Atlantic. The Atlantic salmon follows a fish migration pattern, in that it undergoes its greatest feeding and growth in salt water; but adults return to spawn in native fresh water streams where the eggs hatch and juveniles grow through several distinct stages. Atlantic salmon normally return to the precise fresh water tributary in which they were born, and it is believed that odour - the exact chemical signature of that stream - plays an important role in this process. The fresh water stage of Atlantic salmon growth - normally 2 to 4 years, but ranges from 1 to 6 - is longer than the salt water stage. In fresh water the salmon feed on insects, crustaceans, and other fish.
Bluegill - Lepomis macrochirus is a species of freshwater fish. It is a member of the sunfish family. Of typical sunfish body shape, the bluegill's most notable feature is the blue or black "ear", actually an extension of the gill cover called the opercular flap. Its name, however, comes from the bright blue edging visible on its gill rakers. It can be distinguished from similar species by the vertical bars along its flanks. The bluegill grows to a maximum overall length of approximately 16 in. Bluegills are popular game fish, caught with both flies and live bait, chiefly at dawn and dusk. They are noted for seeking out underwater vegetation for cover; their natural diet consists largely of small invertebrates and very small fish. The bluegill is a schooling fish with schools of 20-30 individuals. These fish spawn in June in nests in the shallows. During this period males assume a very bold coloration, as they are guarding their nests.
Brook Trout
Brook Trout - Salvelinus fontinalis is a species of fish in the salmon family. In many parts of its range, it's known by the name speckled trout. The brook trout is native to streams, lakes, and spring ponds. The brook trout is of dark green to brown basic colouration with a distinctive marbled pattern (called vermiculations) of lighter shades across the flanks and back and extending at least to the dorsal fin, and often to the tail. There is a distinctive sprinkling of red dots, surrounded by blue haloes, along the flank. The belly and lower fins are reddish in colour, the latter with white leading edges. Often the belly, particularly of the males, becomes very red or orange when the fish are spawning. The species reaches a maximum recorded length of 33 in and a maximum recorded weight of 21 pounds. The Brook Trout is Michigan's State Fish.
Brown Bullhead

Brown Bullhead - Ameiurus nebulosus is a species of bullhead catfish and is similar to the black bullhead and yellow bullhead. The brown bullhead is also widely known as the "Mudpout" or "Hornpout". They are found deeper than most bullheads but prefer warmer temperature.The average size is 8 to 10 inches long.

Brown Trout
Brown Trout - Salmo trutta morpha fario and S. trutta morpha lacustris migrates from lakes into rivers or streams to spawn, although there is some evidence of stocks which spawn on wind-swept shorelines of lakes. They form stream-resident populations, typically in alpine streams but sometimes in larger rivers, as well. They are a close relative to the Atlantic Salmon and were introduced to Michigan waters in 1883. Brown Trout's like to hide in shallow water weeds. The average trout weighs about 8 pounds and can live for 13 years.
Channel Catfish
Channel Catfish - Ictalurus punctatus are North America 's most numerous catfish subspecies. They are also the most fished types of catfish, with approximately 8 million anglers in the USA targeting them per year. They are mostly noctornal and like the deep water. They are present in all the Great Lakes except for Lake Superior. Catfish can live for 30 years and can weigh 30 pounds. The record weighed 58 pounds, caught in South Carolina.
Chinook Salmon
Chinook Salmon - Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. It is a Pacific Ocean salmon and is variously known as the king salmon, tyee salmon, Columbia River salmon, black salmon, chub salmon, hook bill salmon, winter salmon and blackmouth. The Chinook salmon is blue-green on the back and top of the head with silvery sides and white ventral surfaces. It has black spots on its tail and the upper half of its body; its mouth is a dark gray. Adult fish average 33 to 36 inches, but may be up to 58 inches in length; they average 10 to 50 pounds , but may reach 130 pounds. The current sport caught World Record is 97 pounds 4 ounces caught in Alaska. Chinook salmon may spend between one to eight years in the ocean before returning to their home rivers to spawn, though the average is three to four years. Chinook prefer larger and deeper water to spawn in than other species of salmon.
Coho Salmon
Coho Salmon - Oncorhynchus kisutch, is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family . Coho is found in the North Pacific . Coho salmon are also known as silver salmon or "silvers". During their ocean phase, Coho have silver sides and dark blue backs. During their spawning phase, the jaws and teeth of the coho become hooked, and they develop bright red sides, bluish green heads and backs, dark bellies with dark spots on their back. Sexually maturing coho develop a light pink or rose shading along the belly and the males may show a slight arching of the back. Mature coho salmon have a pronounced red skin color with darker backs and average 38 inches in length and seven to 11 pounds in weight, although coho weighing up to 36 pounds have been reported.
Lake Herring
Lake Herring - Coregonus artedi is a species of fish in the salmon family . This species occasionally grows as large as 400 mm and 5 pounds but is more commonly 280 to 380 mm long and six ounces to two pounds in weight. It is slender-bodied and silvery with pinkish iridescence on its sides. They live in cold water lakes and rivers in North America. The cisco is also known as tullibee. Ciscos are commonly smoked for human consumption. Fisherman target ciscos through the ice in late winter. These small, slender-bodied relatives of the lake whitefish school at depths that vary with seasonal temperatures. They feed on plankton, insects and fish eggs. Herring once lived in Lake Michigan in almost unbelievable abundance. In fact, as a forage fish, they were to lake trout and other aquatic predators what the rabbit has always been to land predators. In the last century, herring provided some of the largest catches from the Great Lakes and, when salted down or smoked for preservation, provisioned much of the developing country.
Lake Sturgeon
Lake Sturgeon - Acipenser fulvescens is a North American temperate freshwater fish, one of about 20 species of sturgeon. The lake sturgeon has taste buds on and around its barbels near its rubbery lips. It extends its lips to vacuum up soft food which it swallows whole due to its lack of teeth. Its diet consists of insect larvae, worms, leeches, small fish and other organisms it finds in the mud. This is an ancient fish, going back to the dinasours. The lake sturgeon was once a very abundant species in the Great Lakes, so common it was caught and discarded by fishermen seeking other species, but now it is rarely seen. Few individuals ever reach the extreme old age or large size that those of previous generations often did.
Lake Trout
Lake Trout - Salvelinus namaycush is a freshwater fish living mainly in lakes in northern North America. Other names for it include mackinaw, lake char (or charr), touladi, and grey trout. Lake trout are prized both as game fish and as food fish. Lake trout are the largest of the trouts, the record weighing almost 46.3 kilograms. They were fished commercially in the Great Lakes until lampreys, overharvest and pollution extirpated or severely reduced the stocks.
Lake Whitefish

Lake Whitefish - Coregonus clupeaformis are freshwater whitefish of North America; members of the salmon family. They are found throughout much of Canada and parts of the northern United States of Minnesota and Michigan, including the Great Lakes. A valuable commercial fish, whitefish are also occasionally taken by sport fishermen. Their colouration is olive-green to blue on the back, with silvery sides. They have a small mouth below a rounded snout, and a deeply forked tail. They are found in freshwater lakes where they prefer deep, cool water. Lake whitefish can reach a size of more than 20 pounds and an age of over 25 years, although this was more common 50 years ago.

Largemouth Bass

Largemouth Bass - Micropterus salmoides is a species of fish. The largemouth bass is marked by a series of dark blotches forming a ragged horizontal stripe along the length of each side. It can also be totally black. The lateral lines are used by a largemouth bass as motion detectors to locate prey or avoid being prey at night or in other dark water conditions. The upper jaw of a largemouth bass extends beyond the back of the eye. The average largemouth bass weighs 1 to 2 pounds and between 8 and 18 inches long. The largest of the black basses, it has reached a maximum recorded overall length of 38 inches and a maximum recorded weight of 22 pounds, 4 ounces. It can live as long as 23 years.

Muskellunge or Musky - Esox masquinongy are large, relatively rare freshwater fish of North America. They are the largest member of the pike family. The name muskellunge comes from the Ojibwe word maashkinoozhe, meaning "ugly pike." They closely resemble the Northern pike in both appearance and behaviour. Like the pike, their bodies are elongated with flat heads and dorsal, pelvic and anal fins set far back of the head. Growing to lengths 2-6 feet and weights of over 66 pounds, muskellunge are a light silver, brown or green with dark vertical markings which tend to break up into spots. (In some cases markings may be absent altogether, especially in turbid habitats.) This is in contrast to northern pike which have dark bodies with light markings. A sure way of distinguishing the two similar-looking species is by counting the sensory pores of the lower jaw: while a muskie will have six or more, the northern pike never has more than five. The lobes of the tail fin in muskellunge also come to a sharper point than those of northern pike. Muskies have no scales on the lower half of their gill cover.
Northern Pike Northern Pike - Esox lucius is a carnivorous fish of brackish and freshwaters of the northern hemisphere. It is also known by the somewhat misleading folk-name, "Water Wolf." Northern pikes are most often olive, shading into yellowish or whitish on belly with short, light barlike spots on body and some dark spots on the fins. The lower half of their gill cover lacks scales and they have large pores on their head and lower jaw. Unlike the similar-looking Muskellunge, the Northern pike has light markings on a dark body background and less than six pores on the underside of its jaw. A non-metric measurement estimates the size of the Northern Pike as usually over 1' and running to over 4', with a weight of 50 pounds. Pike have very white, mild flesh, and are considered one of the best tasting freshwater fish. When eating pike, be sure to chew carefully, as their "y-bones" are not always easily visible.
Pink Salmon
Pink Salmon - or humpback salmon - Oncorhynchus gorbuscha is the smallest and most abundant of the Pacific salmon. Pink salmon are the smallest of the Pacific salmon with an average weight of five to six pounds and length of 30 inches. Pink salmon is rarely caught in the state of Michigan.
Rock Bass
Rock Bass - Ambloplites rupestris, Ambloplites Ariommus Ambloplites Constellatus, also known as the Rock perch or goggle-eye, is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family. All species of rock bass are considered gamefish and are popular with sustenance and sport fishermen. Sport anglers often employ ultra-light spinning gear or fly tackle designed for panfish.
Smallmouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass - Micropterus dolomieu is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family. The smallmouth bass is marked by a series of dark stripes(or bars) on the sides, and its upper jaw does not extend past the eye. It grows to a maximum recorded overall length of 27 inches, weighing up to 12 pounds. Specimens have been recorded living up to 26 years. Smallmouth bass are very popular game fish and a popular goal of anglers using both conventional spinning/baitcasting gear and fly tackle. In addition to wild populations, the smallmouth bass is stocked in cool rivers and lakes throughout Canada and the United States. In shallow streams it is a wary fish, though usually not to the extent of most trout. The smallmouth is highly regarded for its topwater fighting ability when hooked - old fishing journals referred to the smallmouth bass as "ounce for ounce and pound for pound the gamest fish that swims". Smallmouth bass are taken for the table, with filets of white, firm flesh when cooked. Today, many fishermen practice catch-and-release fishing to improve fish populations.
Smelt - are a family, Osmeridae. They are common in the North American Great Lakes, and run in large schools along the coastline during their spring migration to their spawning streams. The family consists of some 16 species in six genera. The fish usually reach only 6 inches and are a food source for salmon and lake trout. It is one of the few fish that sportsmen are allowed to net, using gill nets, either along the coastline or in the streams. Some sportsmen also ice fish for smelt. Smelt are often fried and eaten whole. Smelt roe is bright orange in color, and is often used to garnish sushi. In 1912, smelt were planted in Crystal Lake, Michigan, and from there they made their way to Lake Michigan.
Steelhead or Rainbow Trout - Oncorhynchus mykiss is a species of trout native to the Pacific Ocean and in North American rivers and lakes west of the Rocky Mountains as well as the Great Lakes. The freshwater form is usually called "rainbow trout" or "redband trout", while the marine form is often called "steelhead", but these populations belong to the same species. Rainbow trout are the smaller variety, found only in fresh water. Steelhead spend their adult lives in the ocean, but return to spawn in the streams in which they were born. Rainbows and steelhead have small black spots along their back, dorsal fin and caudal fin. Rainbows have a pink streak that runs from the gill cover to the caudal fin. The color of a rainbow's back varies from blue or green to a yellow-green or brown. Steelhead usually lack the pink stripe, except when young or spawning, and have chrome-colored sides. Rainbows range from 12 to 18 inches in length. Steelheads grow longer, ranging from 20 to 40 inches in length. Steelhead range in weigh up to 20 pounds. This is one of North America's most popular sport fish.
Walleye Painting
Walleye - Sander vitreus vitreus, is a freshwater fish native to most of Canada and to the northern United States. Walleyes grow to about 30 in in length, and weigh up to about 15 lb. The maximum recorded size for the fish is 42 in in length and 25 lb in weight. The growth rate depends partly on where in their range they occur, with southern populations often growing faster and larger. In general, females grow larger than males. Walleyes may live for decades; the maximum recorded age is 29 years. In heavily fished populations, however, few walleye older than 5 or 6 years of age are encountered. Walleyes are largely olive and gold in colour. The dorsal side of a walleye is olive, grading into a golden hue on the flanks. The olive/gold pattern is broken up by five darker saddles that extend to the upper sides. The colour shades to white on the belly. The mouth of a walleye is large and is armed with many sharp teeth. They are the largest member of the perch family.
White Bass
White Bass - Morone chrysops is a freshwater fish of the sea bass family. It looks somewhat similar to the white perch, though larger. It is found in the lakes of Northern New York, and also in some of the more Western lakes. Its back is dark, with white sides and belly, and with narrow darkish stripes running lengthwise on the sides. The size of this fish is from 10 to 15 inches, and it usually weighs from one to four pounds, though larger ones are sometimes taken. They generally do not live more than 7 years. It is an important game fish at Lake Erie.
White Sucker
White Sucker - Catostomus commersonii is a bottom-feeding freshwater fish inhabiting North America. It is a long, round-bodied fish with a dark green, grey, copper, brown, or black back and sides and a light underbelly. When fullgrown, it is between 12 and 20 inches long and weighs between 2 and 4 pounds. A very common fish, the white sucker is usually not fished for food, though it is considered good to eat. It is most often used as bait; the young are sold as sucker minnows. When it is eaten by humans, it is usually processed and sold under the name of freshwater mullet.
Yellow Perch
Yellow Perch - Perca flavescens is a species of perch found in the United States and Canada. Yellow perch size can vary greatly between bodies of water, but adults are usually between 4-10 inches in length and weigh about 5.29 oz on average. The perch can live for up to 11 years, and older perch are often much larger than average; the maximum recorded length is 19.6 inches and the largest recorded weight is 4.2 lb. Large yellow perch are often called "jumbo perch." They are the most frequently caught fish in the state of Michigan.








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